Thailand in Brief >> Overview >> Overview


Thailand, an overview

Thailand, which literally means Land of the Free, is commonly referred to as the Land of Smiles. The country, which is in the very heart of South East Asia, is seen as the gateway to Indochina, Myanmar and Southern China. It’s also a leading partner in the region’s trade and politics, often providing a vital link between neighboring South-East Asia nations.


Covering a geographical area of 514,000 square kilometers (which is roughly the size of France), Thailand stretches 1,620 kilometers from north to south and 775 kilometers from east to west at its widest point. Borders are shared with Lao PDR in the north and northeast; Myanmar in the north and west; Cambodia and the Gulf of Thailand in the east; and Malaysia in the south

There are four main geographical regions; namely, the mountainous north where teak and a range of temperate crops are produced; the semi-arid northeast plateau region where minerals are mined; cash crops such as jute and maize are grown and dry rice cultivation is practiced; the flat, fertile central region which has long attracted settlers and is one of the world’s most fertile rice growing areas; and the southern peninsula with its backbone of mountain ranges interspersed with fertile plains and important for its fishing industry


Thailand is divided into 76 provinces gathered into 5 groups of provinces by location. There are also 2 special governed districts: the capital Bangkok and Pattaya.

Bangkok, the metropolis

The capital city of Bangkok or "Krung Thep” as called by the locals is Thailand’s political, commercial, industrial and cultural capital and is situated near the mouth of renowned Chao Phraya River. Bangkok was known as the Venice of the east, with the city crossed by canals (Khlongs) along which the life of the people was conducted. Present day’s Bangkok has grown from a city scattered along the river to a metro area . The city has a hundred of skyscrapers, an impressive infrastructure of motorways, a subway and its acclaimed sky train. But it still retains a uniqueness as in brightly-colored signature Tuk-Tuks carrying locals and tourists alike around this most vibrant of city’s. Although a bustling metropolis, Bangkok is still a city with time for fun (sanuk), time for smiles, and time for the tinkling of temple bells to remind one of the spirituality. And of course, there is always Thai food, which has been recognized as one of the top five cuisines in the world, and which can be enjoyed in the air-conditioned comfort of world class restaurants or as a snack at one of the city’s famed pavement food stalls. Its influence in the arts, politics,fashion , education and entertainment as well as being a business center has made Bangkok the status of a global city

Government and administrative

Thailand is a constitutional monarchy in which King Bhumibol Adulyadej is recognized as the Head of State and the Prime Minister as the head of government. King Bhumibol is not only a symbol of national identity and unity, but also highly regarded by his people with utmost reverence.
Government is centralized in Bangkok and a National Assembly is elected by the people. For administrative purposes, the country is divided into 76 provinces (changwat), which are further divided into districts (amphoe), sub-districts (tambon) and villages (baan or bang). Within Bangkok, districts are called khet and sub-districts are called khwaeng.


Thai is the official language. English is widely taught in schools and spoken especially in establishments catering for tourists. Other spoken languages are ethnic and regional dialects.


The vast majority adhere to Buddhism (Theravada) (93.83%) followed by Islam (4.56%), Christianity (0.8%), Hindu minorities (0.08%) and others (0.73%).


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